Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Tuesday, October 13, 2015 07:24 AM

On June 20, 1909, Dr. J. N. Stone runs advertisements for his practice in San Antonio. 

The first graduate of Chiropractic College of San Antonio's twelve-month curriculum, Dr. A.R. Littrell, joined Stone in practice on the third floor of the Conroy Building in San Antonio. 

Joe E. Busby, D.C.

The year 1909 found Joe E. Busby, D.C., in Lockney, Texas near Plainview.  In Lockney he became acquainted with a young Palmer Graduate, Dr. Vanscoohoven. He also became acquainted with the President of Lockney Christian College, Dr. J. D. Burleson, who was personally acquainted with and greatly admired Dr. D. D. Palmer.  

Dr. Burleson had became so engrossed in the study of chiropractic that he enrolled in the Wichita College of Chiropractic, Wichita, Kansas.  This college later became known as the Darling Chiropractic College.

It was Dr. Burleson, who later induced Dr. Busby to start to attend the Chiropractic College at Wichita, Kansas. Dr. Burleson was a graduate of the Wichita Chiropractic College and held a Masters Degree from the University of Texas.

Dr. Busby went back to Plainview, Texas, in 1909 and enrolled in the Boone School of Massage and Physiotherapy, a chartered Texas Institution whose graduates were legalized practitioners in the state.  The President of the school was Dr. S. L. Boone, a graduate of Physical Medicine with study in Stockholm, Sweden.  Dr. A. W. Canfil, a graduate of National College of Chiropractic in Chicago, was secretary and Dr. R. B. Longmier, M.D. and Dr. J. D. Burleson, D.C. were members of the faculty.

In 1909 the Carnegie Foundation commissioned Abraham Flexner to visit medical schools and write a report on the status of medical education in the United States and Canada.  The report found that many of the schools were substandard.  It stressed the need to link medical schools with universities and heavily emphasized the need for scientific research and the application of the “fruits” of this research to medical practice.  In addition, it proclaimed the biological sciences as the knowledge base for the practice of medicine.

With 1) the Flexner Report in hand, 2) a healthy nod from the American Medical Association (AMA) and its close partner, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), along with 3) the financial backing of Carnegie and Rockefeller, medical education reform was in full swing, one medical doctor stated that the combination of the monies from the Rockefeller Foundation  and the influence of the AMA and AAMC virtually gave birth to  the strongest professional monopoly in the United States – Organized Medicine. 

Not only was Organized Medicine able to “clean up” and improve their own schools, they were also able to shut down their competition by closing schools of the other healing arts — which included chiropractic schools.  Of course this was all done in the name of “public safety.”

Given the power that Organized Medicine had garnered, they now held the cards for governing all health professions.  So it should come as no surprise that they strenuously fought every effort by chiropractors to obtain licensure.  Consequently, chiropractic in most states fell under the jurisdiction of the medical laws. 

So, what did this mean to a practicing chiropractor in these states?  Well, according to Organized Medicine, he’d be practicing medicine without a license — a crime punishable by fine or imprisonment.


Source:  The Official History of Chiropractic in Texas, by Dr. Walter R. Rhodes; 1978;  Texas Chiropractic Association, Austin, TX 78701

Keeler Committee Biographies; unpublished

Dr. Stone’s Advertisement on upper left of page.